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Basketball: About Basketball, The Invention of the Basketball Game,  Naismith's 13 Rules of BasketballAbout BasketballBasketball is a sport in which two groups of five players compete against each other on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Each squad attempts to grab by throwing the ball via the opponent's basket, which is an inflated horizontal hoop and net.The invention of the Basketball GameBasketball, the sole significant sport with a solely American origin, was created on or around December 1, 1891, by James Naismith (1861–1939). Naismith taught physical education at the International Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. Naismith utilized two half-bushel peach baskets as aims for the first game of basketball in 1891, which provided the sport its identity. The pupils were pumped up. William R. Chase hit a midcourt shot, which would have been the event's only tally, after a great deal of running and shooting. The news of the freshly concocted game extended, and several organizations contacted Naismith for an edition of the rules, which were authored in the Triangle, the YMCA Training School's campus newspaper, on January 15, 1892.Naismith's 13 Rules of Basketball
  1. With one or both hands, the ball can be flung in any area.
  2. With one or both hands, the ball can be pitched in any path.
  3. An athlete cannot run with the ball; instead, he should hurl it from the location where he captures it, with an exception for a man who captures the ball while sprinting.
  4. The ball must be held in or between the hands; the arms or body cannot be used to hold it.
  5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping, or striking an opponent's individual in any way is permitted. Any player who violates this principle commits a foul; the second excludes him till another goal is earned, or for the rest of the game if there was a straightforward intention to injure the player.
  6. A foul is when you strike the ball with your fist, which is a violation of rules 3 and 4 as well as other rules.
  7. If either team commits three consecutive fouls, the opposition will score goals.
  8. When the ball is thrown or pitched from the floor into the basket and stays there, it is called a goal. It counts as a goal if the ball is on the edge and the opponent moves the basket.
  9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it must be thrown back into the game by the first individual to touch it. In the event of a disagreement, the umpire will toss it into the field. The "thrower-in" has a five-second time limit. If he keeps it any longer, it will be given to the opponent. The umpire will call a foul on any team that continues to prolong the match.
  10. The umpire serves as the men's judge, recording fouls and alerting the referee when three consecutive fouls are committed.
  11. The ball's arbitrator is the umpire, who determines when the ball is in-game, in-bounds, and to which part it did belong, as well as maintaining time. He will determine when a goal has been scored and keep track of the goals, as well as undertake any other responsibilities that a referee would normally execute.
  12. The time will be divided into two fifteen-minute halves, with a five-minute break in between.
  13. The team with the most goals at that moment is declared the winner.
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